These assignments are ten second videos demonstrating different camera shots. I’ve used shots from the non-profit documentary I’m filming about the Dungeness River Audubon Center at Railroad Bridge in Sequim, Washington. Like a mini trailer for the video. My dog Sam participates.
The purpose of the establishing shot is to establish the location. It is usually the first shot of a new scene and shows viewers where the action is taking place. It can be a wide shot, which shows a large part of the location, or, like here, it introduces the audience to the location.
This is the entrance to the park.
Close/Extreme Close Shot
A close or extreme close shot is when a part of the subject takes up most of the frame. It is usually used to convey expression or emotion. Here, Sam checks out a map at the park.
Long/Extreme Long Shot
The long shot is self explanatory. A shot that presents the environment of the subject. If a human was the subject, we would see them head to foot, within the environment. This is sometimes called a wide shot.
We begin with the extreme long shot, zooming in to a long shot. This looks upriver at the Dungeness from the Railroad Bridge.
A medium shot of a human subject is usually from the waist up. A close medium shot would be shoulders up. I reversed it here, by shooting essentially waist down. The idea was to show cyclists crossing the bridge. There are two shots here. One on the up river side of the bridge, the other, the down river side.
Over the Shoulder Shot
When the point of view is from over the shoulder of one subject looking at another subject. Here Sam is watching some activity at the river.